Research to support implementation of Complementary Basic Education (2020-2022)

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Project Location

Project Duration

3 years

Total Value


Value of Montrose Component



  • The £4.95m Education Beyond Aid programme aims to support the Government of Ghana (GoG) in delivering quality Complementary Basic Education (CBE).
  • This includes supporting 40,000 out-of-school children in completion of CBE courses and transition to formal school from 2018-2020, as well as technical assistance to GoG.
  • FCDO sought high-quality research to support teaching and learning, the impacts of CBE on graduates in formal schools, and the systems required for effective implementation of CBE programmes for out-of-school children.
  • Click the links below to read the Policy Brief and Programme Brief.


  • Montrose will track graduates from CBE cycle 4 through formal education to research the long-term impacts and sustainability of CBE.
  • We will propose improvements to CBE and public education pedagogy and develop an evidence base on CBE in Ghana and beyond.
  • We will analyse the political economy of GoG’s systems and relationships for leading and managing CBE programmes.
  • The study will focus on documenting the experiences of overage children, girls, children with disabilities, and children from the poorest income quintiles.


  • Our work will improve the effectiveness and efficiency of government-led implementation, so GoG can take on funding and management of CBE fully post-FCDO funding.
  • Since research shows that CBE has positive and sustained impacts on out-of-school children, Montrose will seek to ascertain which aspects of CBE pedagogy, teaching and learning could be transferable to formal schools.
  • The research will inform global evidence around effective interventions for providing quality education for out-of-school children.
  • Montrose presented the results of the contextual analysis and tracker 2 study at Ghana National Education Week in October 2022. Read the full reports and summary reports here:

Full reports

Executive summaries